In a study of two,700 middle and high school adolescents, researchers from the University of California, Berkeley discovered that people who stay up later may struggle academically and emotionally.
In an analysis of the longitudinal data from the large study group, which 30 percent reported bedtimes later than 11:30 pm on school days and 1:30 am in the summertime, they found by time the students graduated people who slept less all year round had lower GPA scores and were more vulnerable to emotional problems than teens who went to bed early. They said their results increase the weight towards the argument schools should consider a later middle and school start time.
\”Academic pressures, busy after-school schedules, and the need to finally have spare time after the day to connect with friends on the phone or online get this to problem even more challenging,\” Lauren Asarnow, lead author from the study published in the Journal of Adolescent Health, said inside a statement.
Asarnow added the findings highlight the way a healthy sleep cycle can promote academic and emotional success.
\”The great news is that sleep behavior is extremely modifiable using the right support,\” said Asarnow, a graduate student in UC Berkeley\’s Golden Bear Sleep and Mood Research Clinic.
Researchers said going to sleep late in the summertime didn\’t negatively impact academic achievements. However, they did find a outcomes of late summer bedtimes and emotional problems in young adulthood.
The team theorizes an \”evening circadian presence\” in adolescents is a confluence of biological factors, in addition to parental monitoring, academic and social pressures and the utilization of electronic gadgetry.
\”These findings underscore the value of evaluating and monitoring bedtime in adolescents and also the importance of intervention strategies that concentrate on bedtimes in an effort to reduce associated functional impairments, and improve academic and emotional outcomes,\” they wrote in the journal.
Another study at the same university found bright lights and laptops, smartphones and other electronic devices might suppress melatonin, that is a hormone that regulates sleep cycle. Dim lighting and limiting technology before bedtime may be one way for moms and dads to assist combat a night-owl.
\’This extremely important study adds to the already clear evidence that youth who are night owls are in greater risk for adverse outcomes,\” UC Berkeley psychologist Allison Harvey, senior author of the paper, said in a statement. \”Helping teens go to bed earlier might be an important pathway for reducing risk. This will not be an easy process. But here at Berkeley, our sleep coaches draw from the science of motivation, habit formation and sleep to help teens achieve earlier bedtimes.\”